Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Architecture Inside-Out: Understanding how buildings work

Rizzoli is releasing a book later this month perfect for any serious architecture lover, Architecture Inside-Out: Understanding how building work.  The author John Zukowsky and illustrator Rob Polley take a look at 50 famous structures in detail including amazing axonometric drawings showing how they were constructed.
Both ancient and modern buildings are included which gets really interesting when you contrast construction techniques.
Did you know most of your favorite domed buildings are actually double domes? The dome you see inside is generally not the same shape as the dome seen on the exterior, like seen here at the Taj Mahal.
As I said modern structures are included as well such as German's rebuilt Reichstag with its modern dome.
I think the drawings convey so much more than the photographs.
Architecture Inside-Out: Understanding how building work is perfect for readers of any age: aspiring architects, history buffs, and even professionals will all gain something from this book I promise!

Friday, February 9, 2018

A neo-classical gem in Venice, Lorenzo Santi's coffeehouse

While many people may not associate Venice with neoclassical architecture one of my favorite buildings in that style happens to be located in the most prominent section of Venice, just off St Marks square directly on the Grand Canal.
One foggy morning I woke up early and caught the vaporetto from our apartment across the canal to see the building without the surrounding hoards of tourists.
The building has sat vacant for years as it's not considered important by the Italians -too 'new'.  These interior photos are part of the documentation (not my own) of a long planned restoration of the pavilion as well as the adjacent royal gardens (more about that HERE).  
Finished in 1817 by the architect Lorenzo Santi it has been known as the Padiglione (pavilion) Santi ever since.  Googlemaps however seems to call it the Palazzina Selva.  
The pavilion was built as a coffeehouse much like Cafe Florian which is directly behind.  Once renovated the plan is to return it to a coffeehouse.  With its prime location I anticipate it becoming extremely popular.
 I love the delicately carved marble frieze.
Lovely view, not mine, taken from the Grand canal. You can see it sits directly adjacent to the busy San Marco vaporetto stop. 
 I hope by my next trip to Venice I'll be able to have an espresso in my favorite building!
While we're in the general area I thought I would share a few of my early morning foggy photos of an empty Palazzo San Marco.
The fog was so thick one could barely see to the end of the loggia - see the cleaning crew in fluorescent yellow at the far end?
I think my snapshots show that Venice is one of the most beautiful cities in the world!
There are benefits to waking up early; having the square to oneself (with just the scourge of  pigeons).
 I literally felt their wings on my cheek as they flew overhead.
 At one end of the square is the namesake St Mark's Basilica.
As always, click the photos to view larger on your screen.

Friday, December 22, 2017

Palladio's Villa Rotonda - IN PERSON

When broadly asked what my favorite building is I have always answered "The Villa Rotonda". While in Venice I finally got to see it in person and I can honestly say my answer has not changed (phew)!
The most famous of structures by the most famous of architects, Andrea Palladio, the villa is by definition one of the most perfect examples of classicism; Symmetry, scale, and proportion all reign here.
While we've all seen so many pictures of the house I still found a lot of surprises around each corner.
The first surprise was that the house creates a strong hilltop axis with the family chapel on the other side of the road from the entry drive. Who knew?
 A barn and a retaining wall flank the sloped drive up to the house from the road while a small classical chapel is perched on the hillside opposite - making the visibility of the road disappear from the house much like in a British 'haha'. No, I didn't make a joke, click the link to see what a Haha is!
There is some debate about the architect of the chapel; whether it was Palladio who died in 1580 and never saw completion of the villa or the architect Vincenzo Scamozzi who finished the project.  I would argue for Palladio because such an important axial connection to the house must have been an early decision.
Here are the gates to the driveway and the hoards of German tourists who crowded all my photos!
The barn on the right side of the drive has a wonderful rear facade of its own by Scamozzi -notice the tables and chairs in the loggia? A lovely spot.
 The end of the barn facing the villa has a lovely composition rather than a blank facade.  The small gift shop is just behind here.
The house is completely symmetrical in that all 4 sides are faced with a grand set of stairs to a temple front. Each is only slightly different but who is to know since you can't view each side simultaneously.
 Sitting on a hilltop the house is visible from all sides so by that reasoning it couldn't have a back facade.
The surprise to me was just HOW visible it is to the many neighbors who view the house. It's really in the middle of the Vicenza suburbs and not nestled into the country as so many photos would lead one to believe.
The gardens aren't much to write home about, I suppose the owners realize everyone is visiting for the architecture, but this rear corner with the best views of the surroundings has a nice spot to rest and this lovely old well.
 All 4 sides may be nearly identical but the views and approach of each is completely different.
The stairs have locked storage beneath them but one is able to walk underneath the porches -creating lovely vistas.
 The brick house is completely covered in stucco but the basement alcoves have limestone flooring.
Light reaches basement windows covered by the entry porches via these ingenious light wells covered with bars on the floor of each porch. This keeps the tunnels below from becoming too dark as well.
 I loved seeing the brickwork of the vaulted ceilings below the porches.
Above is a view of the basement as seen from below the porch.  What a lovely spot this would be for a nighttime party! Originally these would have been service spaces.
 But enough of the outside which we all know so well. Should we go in?
Don't forget to wipe your boots of mud.......oh wait that rusted out centuries ago....... Hope you had your tetanus shot.
 Looking out from the house you get a rather cheeky view (there is your haha joke.....).
The interiors are contentious;  Palladio may never have planned for such ornate interiors but owners had different ideas. The quality of the paintings is mediocre at best inside what is probably the best house in the world.
The interior hall below the dome has tromple l'oeil architectural elements while every other surface is practically covered with frescoes.  The purist architect in me wishes the architecture could speak for itself - one barely notices the carved stone details for all of the painted 'noise'. I do love these terrazzo floors though. Some decoration is great but it's easy to have too much. What was it Chanel said?
Here in Palladio's section of the villa from his Quattro Libri you can sense the space without the decoration.  All aspects of the design here are mathematically precise per Palladio's rules of architecture defined in his book.
 I mean sure it's great but........
 The ceilings of the 4 principal corner rooms feature ornate plaster coves with central frescoes.
The owners are in residence although 3 of the 4 rooms are left more open for the weekly admittance of tourists.
The living room is used by the family and has modern comfortable furniture. Notice the Villa Rotonda cookie jar on the coffee table? I have one as well, see blog post on it HERE from 10 years ago! Seeing that in-situ was an exciting moment for me.
Of course I had to have my picture taken sitting on the front steps!  I hope you learned a little more about the world's most famous house from my visit!